Prakruti means “nature” in Sanskrit. Prakruti in Ayurveda means the
unique constitution which is fixed at the time of conception of
human beings and that will remain constant for our life. According
to Ayurveda each person is born with a life force/doshas which are
made up of five elements of nature; Earth, Air, Water, Fire and
Space. Prakruti determines the individuals physical and mental
attributes when they are balanced and in state of health.
Three doshas; vata, pitta and kapha determine our
constitution/prakruti. All the three energies are in different
proportion in all of us, the dominance of doshas decide our Prakruti.
Most people are a combination of dominace of two doshas,
exhibiting characteristics of two doshas depending the percentage of
According to Ayurveda there are seven types of Prakruti.
* Mono types- vata, pitta or kapha dominant, not very common.
* Dual types- vata-pitta, pitta kapha or kapha-vata
* predominance, majority of the population.
* Equal types- vata, pitta, kapha in equal proportions, it is very
Ayurveda explains further details about factors that determine our
Prakruti are as follows- condition of the sperm and ovum, condition
of uterus, mother’s food regimen during pregnancy.
Understanding our constitution allows us to understand our physical
qualities, mental make-up, what diet and lifestyle is good for us and
our susceptibility to diseases.